Golf Glossary - 'C'
cabbage - any type of thick &/or tall grass
on the golf course. Typically found off the fairway
or behind the green.
caddy - (aka: "caddie") an assistant
to the golfer who is in charge of carrying the players
equipment and providing advice on club selection and
reading the green. Usually employed by the player although
some private clubs will provide caddies free of charge
to the members and their guests.
card - (aka: "scorecard") provided
by the pro shop on which a players score is recorded.
It usually lists each hole by number with the par, yardage
(from each of the different tees) and handicap as well
as other general information about the course (i.e.
slope, rating, address, contact information and local
carry - the distance a ball travels or must
travel in the air in order to clear something
or reach some destination. Example: "You gotta
carry 210 yards to clear the water".
cast - a manufacturing process for golf clubs
where the club head is poured into a mold in molten
casual water - water on the golf course that
is not part of the design (i.e. it is not marked/staked
either out of bounds or as a hazard). Typically the
result of a large or constant rainfall. The Rules of
Golf state that you may take free relief from casual
water no nearer to the hole.
check - (aka: "bite" or
"grab" or "hold" or "sit"
or "sit down" or "hit a house")
the result of backspin when the ball lands on the green.
Example: "Wallace applied so much backspin that
the ball bit the green and stopped short after one bounce."
Golfers often yell or mutter under their breath 'bite'
(or 'hold' or 'sit' or 'hit a house') when they want
the ball to stop quickly. Most often used on an approach
shot. Also see "check".
chili dip - when a chip or pitch shot is hit
a much shorter distance than intended/expected.
chip - (aka: "chip and run", "chip
and roll", "bump and run") a shot that
is intended to fly for a very short time and then roll
or bounce the majority of its way towards the intended
target. Usually, a shot from close the the green designed
to get the ball close to the hole. Example: "Sean
chipped over the fringe and it rolled to within 6 inches
of the cup."
choke - a term used to describe the lack of
performance or execution in a situation where there
is significant pressure for a positive outcome. Example:
"Having never before won the club championship,
Brad choked under the pressure of a 4 foot putt on the
choke down - the action of establishing ones
grip further down the grip of a golf club. Similar to
"choking up" on a baseball bat.
chopper - See "hacker".
chunk - (aka: "fat" or "thick")
to miss hitting the ball properly by impacting the ground
too soon. Usually results in a large divot or at a minimum
a poor shot that travels a short distance. Example:
"On his second shot Charlie chunked his ball ten
feet into the water."
claw grip - (aka: "gator grip", "psycho
grip", "the claw") an unconventional
method of gripping a putter where the bottom hand is
repositioned on top of the grip with the thumb and pinky
pointed towards the ground. The handle of the club is
positioned between the index and middle finger. First
popularized by PGA Tour player Chris Dimarco and since
adopted by Mark Calcavecchia and Bernhard Langer among
closed - (aka: "closed club face",
"closed stance") applies to either the alignment
of the body/stance or the club face or both! A straight
line drawn through the players shoulders or through
the players ankles or straight out of the club face
that crosses the intended target line is said to be
in a closed stance or have a closed club face. Example:
"A right handed player aligned to the right of
the target or whose club face is aligned to the left
of the target is too closed."
clubface - (aka: "club face") the
flat surface of any golf club. Usually having grooves
and intended for striking the ball.
clubhead - (aka: "club-head" or "head")
attached to the opposite end of the shaft to the grip.
Held properly the clubhead is at the bottom of the club
and is used to impact the ball. The size of the clubhead
is typically measured in cubic centimeters (cc). Example:
"Some modern day drivers have clubheads larger
clubhead speed - (aka: "head speed")
the speed of the clubhead measured in mph or kph at
the moment of impact.
coil - the action of turning the hips and shoulders
of the body during the backswing prior to beginning
the downswing. Example: "The more coil you get
the more likely you will be able to generate higher
collar - (aka: "apron", "fringe",
"frog hair") the grass between the fairway
or rough and the green. Typically longer than the grass
on the green but shorter than the fairway or rough.
Usually between 2-3 feet wide and completely surrounding
the green. Example: "My approach shot landed on
the green but rolled on to the fringe."
committee - the person or group in charge of
all play on the course. Typically referred to during
a tournament however, a committee can also be in charge
of play on a public course. Example: "The committee
has determined that for today's tournament 'Winter Rules'
will govern play."
compression - the flattening of the golf ball
at impact with the clubface. Also the measurement describing
the ease with which a ball may be compressed. The higher
the compression ratio the harder it is to compress.
Golf balls are commercially available with 80, 90, 100
or 110 compression.
connected - a slang term used to describe good/solid
impact with the ball. Example: "On the par four
third hole John really connected with his driver and
put the ball on the fringe!"
course management - (aka: "game management",
"managing your game") a skill developed by
players allowing them to play to their strengths while
on the golf course. A plan to accommodate getting the
ball in the hole in as few strokes a as possible while
considering/managing the hazards, terrain, distance
and particular skills of the individual golfer.
course rating - an evaluation of the difficulty
of a course for a scratch player (expressed in relation
to the par of the course) Example: A course with a rating
of 71.2 is more difficult than a course rated 69.
cross bunker - a bunker that crosses the width
of the fairway. Different from the bunkers that generally
lie to the side of fairways or run parallel to the fairway.
Example: "John's driver took his ball right into the middle of the cross bunker on the fourth hole.
Perhaps he should have laid up"
cross-handed - a type of grip whereby the traditional
top hand is on bottom and vice versa. Often used when
putting for additional control. Example: "While
the cross handed grip can sometimes be uncomfortable
it often results in fewer putts per round after a little
cup - (aka: "hole") the hole in which
the lag rests. specifically the liner of the hole. Usually
constructed of plastic but aluminum cups are used as
well. Example: "I love the sound of a long putt
falling into the cup."
cupped - The process of
bending either wrist into a position which forms a concave
angle between the forearm and the back of the hand.
Example: Most of the time if your left hand is overly
cupped at the top, the clubface will be open at impact.
cut - (aka: "cut shot", "fade")
a shot resulting from an outside-in swing path traveling,
for a right-handed golfer, from left to right. Typically
a cut shot travels slightly more aggressively from left
to right than a fade but not as aggressively as a slice.
cut - (aka: "cut line")
the score that a player must post (at a maximum) in
order to be allowed to play in the next round of a tournament.
Example: "Tiger Woods made friday's cut by 8 strokes."